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Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (BUMS) is a degree that focuses on the traditional medical practices of South Asia. Unani medicine has its roots in ancient Greek medicine but was developed and perfected by Arab physicians through experiments. Because of its contributions from the Middle East and South Asia, it is also known as Arabic or Islamic medicine. BUMS is a 5.5-year course that includes 4.5 years of core subjects and 1 year of internship. The course covers a range of therapies such as purification, Turkish bath, massage, diet therapy, use of herbs, and surgery.

To pursue a career in Unani medicine, one must complete BUMS, which is supervised by the Central Committee of Indian Medicine. Admission to this course is through NEET, and there are 1,706 seats available all over the country. The education and training of BUMS in India are regulated by the Central Commission of Medicine of India (CCIM), which is a statutory body under the AYUSH category

B.U.M.S. Highlights

Degree Name Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery
Abbreviation B.U.M.S.
Degree Type Undergraduate (Regular)
Duration Five years
Discipline Unani Medical Science
Internship Duration 1 year mandatory
Average Fee Rs. 50,000 to Rs. 650,000
Average Salary Rs.200,000 to Rs. 1,200,000 per annum
Career Options Scientist, Consultant, Pharmacist, Therapist, Drug Inspector, Medical Assistant, Professor

B.U.M.S. Eligibility

To be admitted to the B.U.M.S. course, candidates must meet the minimum eligibility requirements. You can find the B.U.M.S. eligibility criteria in the table below.


  1. Educational Qualification: They should have completed 10 + 2 with a minimum score of 50% in Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and English.
  2. Age Limit: They must be at least 17 years old.
  3. Physical Fitness: Candidates should be in good physical condition since they might need to go through a medical examination before admission.
  4. Urdu Language: Learning Urdu at the school level is an added advantage.

BUMS Admission Process

  • Getting admitted to the Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (BUMS) program requires passing an entrance exam and meeting a 10+2 cutoff percentage. 
  • To be eligible, students must score above the cutoff percentage in their 10+2 exams.
  • There are several state and national exams, such as NEET, KEAM, CPAT, and CPMEE, which can also be used for BUMS admissions. 
  • The entrance exam consists of objective questions covering physics, chemistry, and biology.

Top Entrance Exams for BUMS

Looking to pursue a Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (BUMS)? Here are some of the top entrance exams you should consider in India:

    1. NEET: The National Eligibility cum Entrance Test is a national-level exam for students seeking admission to medical courses in India.
    2. KEAM: The Kerala Engineering Architecture Medical exam is a state-level entrance test for students interested in joining Engineering, Architecture, Ayurvedic, and Unani Medical courses in Kerala.
    3. CPAT: The Combined Pre-AYUSH Test is an entrance exam for students seeking admission to undergraduate courses in the AYUSH system, including BUMS, BAMS, and BHMS.
    4. CPMEE: The Uttarakhand state-level Common Pre-Medical Entrance Examination is another option for students looking to pursue MBBS courses in Homeopathy, Unani, and more.

Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (BUMS) Syllabus

BUMS Syllabus for 1st & 2nd Year

Professional Year I Professional Year II
Arabic and Mantiq wa Falsafa (Logic Philosophy and Astronomy) Tareekh-e-tib (History of Medicine)
Kulliyat Umoore Tabiya (Basic Principles of Unani Medicine) Tahaffuzi wa Samaji Tib (Preventive and Community Medicine)
Tashreeh Ul Badan (Anatomy) Ilmul Advia
Munafeul Aaza (Physiology) Mahiyatul Amraz (Pathology)

BUMS Syllabus for 3rd & 4th Year

Professional Year III Professional Year IV
Communication skills Moalajat – I (General Medicine)
Ilmul Saidla wa Murakkabat (Unani Pharmacy) Moalajat – II
Tibbe Qanooni wa Ilmul Samoom (Medical Jurisprudence and Toxicology) Amraze Niswan (Gynaecology)
Sareeriyat wa Usoole Ilaj (Bedside clinic and principles of management) Ilmul Qabalat wa Naumalood (Obstetrics and Neonatology)
Ilaj Bit Tadbeer (Regional Therapy) Ilmul Jarahat (Surgery)
Amraz-e-Atfal (Paediatrics) Ain, Uzn, Anaf, Halaq wa Asnan (Ophthalmology and Diseases of Ear, Nose, and Throat)

BUMS Scope

If you’ve completed a Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (BUMS), you have several career paths to choose from. You can either continue your education by pursuing a Master’s or Doctoral degree in related fields or search for suitable job opportunities. Continuing your education will provide more value and knowledge to your career in the long run. Unani medicine has a wide range of research opportunities for students who are interested. It’s worth noting that Unani medicine is the fourth most popular drug system after allopathic, Ayurveda, and homeopathy. Besides higher education, BUMS graduates can also work as consultants, scientists, private physicians, pharmacists, therapists, physician assistants, and public health experts.

Job Position Job Description
Unani Chemist  They can produce Unani drugs for marketing purposes. They are sold directly to patients or given to pharmacies for sale.
Unani Medicine Pharmacist  They own Unani’s pharmacy. They have the right to sell any type of Unani medicine, and they can also advise buyers which medicine to buy to treat which disease.
Unani therapist  The Unani therapist provides Unani treatment services to people. They can be private clinics or they can be employed in hospitals.
Unani Councilor  People who provide health and medication advice to all types of people. They follow Unani’s rules and procedures for solving health problems. 
Unani Institute Professor  Unani Institute professors teach various Unani medical practices to students from various Unani Institutes of Medicine.
Hakeem A physician who practices Unani medicine and practices to treat his patients. Treat all major diseases and perform operations according to the rules of Unani Medicine. 


Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (BUMS) Placements

  • Al-Hind Foreign Service Agency
  • Adal Immigrations LLP
  • Unani Charitable institutions
  • Unani Medical colleges
  • Unani medicine store
  • Unani Clinic
  • Unani and ayurvedic Research institutes
  • Unani medicine system education Training institutes
  • Unani Consultancies
  • Clinical Trials Laboratories (Pharmaceuticals)
  • Life science industries
  • Unani Pharmaceutical industries like Hamdard
  • Research establishments (Central, State, Private Institutions)
  • Medical Tourism
  • Unani dispensaries
  • Drug control Sector (State and Central Government)
  • Healthcare community
  • Unani Government hospitals
  • The Nursing home in Unani care
  • Unani private hospital
  • National AYUSH Mission
  • Government jobs in Hospitals, Dispensaries (State/Central/Local)
  • Third-Party Administrator (TPA) in the insurance sector

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